Begins at the southern end of Garitsa Bay and rises to the hill of Analypsis, where the original city of the Phaeceans is said to have been built. To the north was the ancient Temple of Artemis, built between 590 and 580 BC by Corinthian artisans with the help of Corfiots. The Gorgon Pediment, now in the Archaeological Museum, formed its western pediment. When, in the 6th century AD, the town was relocated to its present position, this area was not abandoned, and a small population remained. In 1540, the Venetians, after an agreement with the Turks, evacuated their defensive positions at Nauplion and Monemvasia. The soldiers were transferred to Corfu and were settled in this area, being granted land in exchange for military duties. In 1799, this military body was abolished, but their descendants retained the right to use the land. As a result, the area of the hill they occupied is fragmented into little plots of land. Only the Palaiopolis estate remains intact.
© Terra Kerkyra, 2014